Prof. Nurit Carmi

Prof. Nurit Carmi
Nurit Carmi is an Associate Professor in the department of Multidisciplinary Studies and Environmental Studies and the head of the Society and Environment Program in Tel-Hai College, Israel. Her main research interests are the interface between environmental literacy, psychology, sociology and evolution.
פרופ' כרמי נורית
Accordion Title Research


  • Promotion of environmental literacy; Quantification and evaluation of environmental education (mainly in higher education)
  • The socio-psychological factors that affect environmental behavior.
  • Environmental threat perception as a factor that influences behavioral decision making in environmental contexts. The psychological factors that affect threat perception and prioritization.
  • Psychological distance and time perspective. The relationship between individual differences in the attitude towards long-term problems (future orientation) and threat perception and prioritization.
Accordion Title Teaching


  • Introduction to Ecology
  • Evolution of animal behavior
  • Principles of biostatistics
  • Advanced statistics for nutritional and clinical trials (for graduate degree students)
  • Seminar in environmental literacy - society and Environment 
Accordion Title Publications


Carmi-Winkler, N., Degen, A. A., & Pinshow, B. (1987). Seasonal time-energy budgets of free-living chuckars (Alectoris chukar) in the Negev desert.  Condor, 89, 594-601.   

Ward, D., Pinshow, B., Afik, D., Linder, Y., & Carmi-Winkler, N. (1989). Cavity roosting, philopatry and cooperative breeding in the Green Woodhoopoe may not reflect a physiological trait. Auk, 106, 1301.

Carmi, N., B. Pinshow, W. P. Porter and J. Jaeger. 1992. Water and energy limitations on flight duration in small migrating birds. Auk, 109, 268-276.

Carmi, N., Pinshow, B., Horowitz, M., & Bernstein, H. (1993). Birds conserve plasma volume during thermal and flight-incurred dehydration. Physiological Zoology, 66(5), 829-846.

Carmi, N., Pinshow, B., & Horowitz, M. (1994). Plasma volume conservation in pigeons: Effects of air temperature during dehydration. American Journal of Physiology, 267, 1449-1453.

Carmi, N., Pinshow, B., Porter, W. P., & Jaeger, J. (1995). Reply to Klaassen’s commentary concerning water and energy limitations on flight range. Auk, 112, 263.

Carmi, N., & Pinshow, B. (1995). Water as a physiological limitation to flight duration in migrating birds: The importance of exhaled air temperature and oxygen extraction. Israel J. Zoology, 41, 369-374.

Katzir, G., Schechtman, E., Carmi, N., & Weihs, D. (2001). Head stabilization in herons. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 187, 423-432.

Lachter, J., Boim, R., Carmi, N., Ben-Shahar, M., Steiner, M., Beny, A., & Reshef, R. 2003. Quality of life of colorectal cancer patients-validating the new EORTC CR-38. Gastroenterology, 124(4), Supplement 1, A651.

Ullmann, Y., Shoshani, O., Fodor, L., Ramon, Y., Carmi, N., Shupak, A., Lincoln R., & Gilhar A. (2004). Long-term fat preservation. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, 3(3), 56-59.

Ramon, Y., Shoshani, O., Peled, I. J., Gilhar, A., Carmi, N., Fodor, L., Risin, Y., & Ullmann, Y. (2005). Enhancing the take of injected adipose tissue by a simple method for concentrating fat cells. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 115, 197-201.

Ullmann, Y., Shoshani, O., Fodor, L., Ramon, Y., Carmi, N., Eldor, L., & Gilhar, A. (2005). Searching for the favorable donor site for fat injection: In-vivo study using the nude mice model. Dermatologic Surgery., 31, 1304-7.

Fodor, L., Ramon, Y., Fodor, A., Carmi, N., Peled, I., & Ullmann, Y. (2006). A side-by-side prospective study of IPL and Nd:Yag laser treatment for vascular lesions. Annals of Plastic Surgery, 56, 164-170.

Fodor, L., Ramon, Y., Meilik, B., Carmi, N., Shoshani, O., & Ullmann, Y. (2006). Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on survival of composite grafts in rats. Scand. J. Plast. Reconst. Hand Surg., 40, 257-260.

Somri, M., Tome, R., Yanovski, B., Asfandiarov, E., Carmi, N., Mogilner, J., David, B., & Gaitini, L. (2007). Combined spinal – epidural anesthesia in major abdominal surgery in high-risk neonates and infants. Pediatric Anesthesia, 17(11), 1059-1065.

Gaitini, L., Carmi, N., Ianovsky, B., Tome, R., Resnikov, I., Gankin, I., Somri, M., & Alfery, D. (2008). Comparison of the CobraPLA(TM) (Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway) and the Laryngeal Mask Airway Unique(TM) in children under pressure controlled ventilation. Pediatric Anesthesia, 18(4), 313-319.

Eldor, L., Weissman, A., Fodor, L., Carmi, N., & Ullmann, Y. (2008). Breast augmentation under general anesthesia versus monitored anesthesia care: A retrospective comparative study. Annals of Plastic Surgery, 61(3), 243-246.

Ullmann, Y., Fodor, L., Schwarzberg, I., Carmi, N., & Ramon, Y. (2008). The sounds of music in the operating room. Injury, 39(5), 592-597.

Fodor, L., Carmi, N., Fodor, A., Ramon, Y., & Ullmann, Y. (2009). Intense pulsed light for skin rejuvenation, hair removal, and vascular lesions: a patient satisfaction study and review of the literature. Annals of Plastic Surgery, 62(4), 345-9. 

Weintraub, Z., Carmi, N., Elouti, H., & Rumelt, S. (2011). The association between stage 3 or higher retinopathy of prematurity and other disorders of prematurity. Canadian Journal of Opthalmology, 46(5), 419-424.

Bartal, E., & Carmi, N. (2012) Environment in the shadow of war: The relationship between perceptions of security threat and environmental threat, and its effect on environmental attitudes and behavior. Ecology and Environment, 4, 304-311. (In Hebrew)

Carmi, N. Caring about tomorrow: Future orientation, environmental attitudes and behaviors. Environmental Education Research, 19(4):430-444. | DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2012.700697

Loberant, N., Salamon, V., Carmi, N., & Chernihovsky, A. (2013). Prevalence and degree of breast arterial calcifications on mammography: A cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Clinical Imaging Science, 3(3):1-3. doi: 10.4103/2156-7514.119013

Carmi, N. and Bartal, E. 2014. Perception of Environmental Threat in the Shadow of War: The Effect of Future Orientation. Human & Environmental Risk Assessment, 20(3):872-886. | DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2013.798217.

Carmi, N. and Goroshit, M. 2014. Zimbardo's Time Perspective Inventory: Testing the Hebrew version. Megamot, 50(1): 313-338. (In Hebrew)

Sircova A., van de Vijver F.J.R., Osin E., Milfont T.L., Fieulaine N., Kislali-Erginbilgic A., Carmi, N., Zimbardo P.G. and 54 members of the International Time Perspective Research Project. 2014. A Global Look at Time: A 24 Country Study of the Equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Sage Open, Sage Publications. DOI: 10.1177/2158244013515686.

Carmi, N. and Arnon, S. 2014. The Role of Future Orientation in Environmental Behavior: Analyzing the Relationship on the Individual and the Cultural Levels. Society & Natural Resources. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2014.928393

Arnon, S. and Carmi, N. Pro-Environmental Behavior and its Antecedents as a Case of Social and Temporal Dilemmas. British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 4:508-526.

Carmi, N., Arnon, S., and Orion, N. 2015. Seeing the forest as well as the trees: General vs. specific predictors of environmental behavior. Environmental Education Research, 21:7, 1011-1028.

Arnon, S., Orion N., and Carmi, N. Environmental Literacy Components and their Promotion by Institutions of Higher Education - an Israeli Case Study. Environmental Education Research. 21:7, 1029-1055.

Carmi, N., Arnon, S., Orion, N. 2015. Transforming Environmental Knowledge into Behavior: The Mediating Role of Environmental Emotions. The Journal of Environmental Education, 46(3):183-201.

Carmi, N. and Kimhi, S. 2015. Further Than the Eye Can See: Psychological Distance and Perception of Environmental Threats. Human & Environmental Risk Assessment, 21(8): 2239-2257. DOI:10.1080/10807039.2015.1046419

Carmi, N. 2015. Sound asleep in a burning bed: Psychological barriers to perceiving the threat of global warming. A review article. Ecology and Environment, December issue: 286-293. (In Hebrew). Also Available at SSRN:

Carmi, N. 2017. Perception of the relationship between the rising population density and environmental problems in Israel. Ecology and Environment, July issue: 3-4. (In Hebrew).

Carmi, N., & Mostovoy, N. (2017). The effect of group size on energy consumption by communal electricity users. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 54, 50-56.

Carmi, N., & Tal, A. (2018). The perceived relationship between population growth and current ecological problems using repertory grid technique. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 1-16.

Becker, N. and Carmi, N. (2019). Changing trip behavior in a higher education institution: The role of parking fees. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 13:4, 268-277, DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2018.1463418

Carmi, N. (2019). On social distress, littering and nature conservation the case of Jisr A-Zarka, Coastal Management, DOI: 1080/08920753.2019.1598223

Alkaher, I. and Carmi, N. (2019). Is Population Growth an Environmental Problem? Teachers’ Perceptions and Attitudes towards Including It in Their Teaching. Sustainability 11, no. 7: 1994.

Carmi, N., & Alkaher, I. (2019). Risk Literacy and Environmental Education: Does Exposure to Academic Environmental Education Make a Difference in How Students Perceive Ecological Risks and Evaluate Their Risk Severity?. Sustainability, 11(22), 6350

Mostovoy, N., Romano, G. H. C., Rabinowitz, D., Soroker, S., & Carmi, N. (2021). The municipal council, my neighbors and me: Social environmental influences in the city. Journal of Environmental Management, 288, 112393.


Articles or chapters in refereed books

Carmi, N. 2013. Different measures of future orientation may yield opposite predictions of environmental attitudes and behavior, pp. 30-42. In: A Special Issue on Time perspective, Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Psychologica VI, edited by Prof. Philip Zimbardo and Urszula Tokarska, Part 1 Methodological Issues.

Sircova, A., … Carmi, N., et al. 2015. Time Perspective Profiles of Cultures, pp. 169-187, In: Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application. Stolarski, M., Fieulaine, N., & van Beek, W. (Eds.). Springer International Publishing Switzerland. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07368-2_11.

Carmi, N. 2015. Different measures of future orientation may yield opposite predictions of environmental attitudes and behavior, pp 253-259. In: International studies in time perspective, edited by Paixao, M. P., Da Dilva, J. T., Ortuno, V., & Cordeiro, P. Coimbra University Press.